The Pros and Cons of Social Media


What are the pros and cons of social media? This is an especially pertinent question when more people than ever are using social media apps, but when social media is making people unhappy.

Social media has its pros and cons. And in this article we explore both sides of the argument, listing the pros of social media and the cons of social media to help you understand both sides.

The Pros of Social Media

Let’s start by looking at some of the benefits of social media.

Staying in Touch

The original selling point of apps like Facebook and MySpace was to provide a way for you to stay abreast of the goings-on in other people’s lives. This is arguably still the primary advantage of social media today.

It’s easy to use social media to keep in touch with friends and family who you might have otherwise fallen out of contact with. This is especially true if you’ve moved to another city (or even an entirely different country).

Access to News

The availability of news can be listed as both one of the pros and cons of social media. For now, let’s look at the positive side.

Millions of people around the world do not have access to a free press in their countries of residence. Given that all major news companies have social media accounts, apps like Facebook and Twitter give those people a way to stay abreast of news reports from the world’s most reputable newsrooms.

Finding Jobs

linkedin job post example

The job market remains tough for a lot of people.

If you use a professional social network, such as LinkedIn or Xing, you will be able to see automatic job listings that are a perfect fit for the skills you’ve listed on your profile. It’s one of the pros of social media that’s often overlooked.

Planning Events

Very few services can rival Facebook when it comes to planning parties, community events, weddings, conferences, and other mass gatherings. Given just about everyone has a Facebook account, it’s easy to create invites, disseminate event details, and share various materials connected with it.

Growing a Client Base

If you’re starting your own business, one of the biggest benefits of social media is the ability to grow an audience quickly, and by extension, a client base.

Not only does word of mouth spread quickly on social media, you can also run highly targeted ads for considerably less money than you’d pay to advertise on TV, on the radio, or in print media.

Law Enforcement and Civil Protection

Look, we get it, no one wants the government snooping around in our private messages. But at the same time, it remains a fact that criminal networks, terrorist groups, and even would-be mass shooting perpetrators are increasingly using social media to plan and coordinate their attacks.

Providing the police with a means of nipping such issues in the bud remains a key
advantage of social media.

Social Media Is Fun

When assessing the pros and cons of social media, it’s easy to forget that at its core, social media is fun. If it wasn’t, Facebook wouldn’t be able to boast almost three billion users.

Games, chat, interesting articles, memes, videos— there’s plenty of content to keep you entertained for hours, regardless of your interests.

The Cons of Social Media

Alas, it’s not all rosy. There are plenty of negative aspects you need to consider, too. Here are some of the biggest disadvantages of social media.

Cyberbullying and Online Abuse

One of the worst drawbacks of social media is the prevalence of cyberbullying and online abuse. It’s worryingly common for people to be targeted based on their gender, appearance, sexual orientation, religion, disabilities, political beliefs, and a whole lot more. Kids are especially vulnerable.

Addiction Is a Growing Problem

Take a trip to any local restaurant, and you’ll see dozens of patrons with their eyes glued to their smartphones. The majority of them are probably on social media sites. Sadly, too many people are more worried about their number of followers on Instagram than their real-life problems.

It’s not healthy, either physically or mentally. Indeed, it’s one of the most significant negative effects of social media on society.

Privacy Is Non-Existent

Another of the major cons of social media is the lack of privacy. If someone is a heavy social media user, you can often find out everything about them—favorite books, employer, what their baby looks like—with no more than a few minutes of cursory research.

Ads Are Scary

Everyone accepts that ads are part of the modern world. However, advertising on social media is very different from seeing a billboard on the side of a road or TV commercial during a sports game.

The processes going on behind the scenes to show you ads on Facebook etc.—from selling your data in bulk to analyzing your every online move—is straight out of 1984. And it should worry all of us.

Your Data Is Impossible to Delete

delete facebook account options

You can’t talk about the pros and cons of social media without considering the online footprints you’re leaving behind. Yes, you can delete your social media accounts. But what really happens to your data?

Sure, it might not be visible to the public any more. But is Twitter wiping all your tweets from its servers? Does Instagram definitely delete every photo you’ve shared from its records?

The answer is no. There will always be a chance (albeit small) that the data could someday resurface and be used against you.

Growth of Anti-Social Tendencies

Does social media make us less social? Plenty of studies suggest the answer is yes.

There are several reasons—some are linked to the issues we’ve already discussed, like addiction. But consider this example…

Your friend goes on holiday. Before the trip, they post everything about their planning. During the trip, there’s a neverending stream of photos and updates. When they get home, they spend days telling the world what a good time they had.

Is there any incentive for you to reach out and chat about their holiday in person? Probably not.

What Are the Pros and Cons of Social Media for You?

So, we’ve rounded up some of the most commonly cited pros and cons of social media, but we’re sure you can think of more. In which case, let us know in the comments below.

And if you’d like to learn more about the pros and cons of social media, be sure to read our articles discussing the positive effects of social media

6 Positive Effects Social Media Sites Have on Society

6 Positive Effects Social Media Sites Have on Society

There are good things about social networking. Here’s our exploration of the positive effects of social media and why it’s good.
Read More

and the negative effects of social media

7 Negative Effects of Social Media on People and Users

7 Negative Effects of Social Media on People and Users

Can’t imagine life without social media? Time to find out about the negative impact of social media on you and your peers.
Read More


Explore more about: Addiction, Job Searching, Mental Health, Online Advertising.

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